Private Education Loans
Private student loans are offered through a variety of banks and other lenders. Students must apply for these loans separately from their financial aid application. The best rates on private loans are generally offered to borrowers with good credit and/or who have a cosigner with good credit.
When shopping for a private loan, it is important to look for a loan you can live with in both the short term and the long term. You may be repaying it for several years after graduation.Many lenders will lend up to the amount of the student’s cost of attendance minus any financial aid received. Often there is a yearly and/or cumulative cap on the amount the student may borrow; sometimes this cap is set by the student’s school.
The majority of lenders require a minimum of half-time enrollment. The U-M Office of Financial Aid checks enrollment status at the point of disbursement, not when the loan is certified. Many private education lenders also require student borrowers to have a loan cosigner.
In addition to increasing your chances of getting approved for the loan, having cosigner sometimes helps you get a lower interest rate and may reduce the time it takes to get the loan approved. Your cosigner does not have to be a relative, but should be someone with a steady income and a good credit history. Some lenders will release the cosigner from the loan after a period of time if the student borrower has met certain requirements, such as making payments on time.
• Student must be enrolled at least half-time in degree program
• Borrower must be a U.S. citizen or eligible noncitizen
• Borrow may be required to have a cosigner
• Fees from 0-12%, depending on borrower's credit. Some have origination fees.
• Loan amounts often are cost of attendance minus financial aid offered. Sometimes set by school. Often include a yearly and/or cumulative cap (as high as $250,000 for undergraduates).
• Interest rates generally PRIME -1% to +7.75% or LIBOR +1% to +8%
• Repayment term ranges from 0-25 years, depending upon amount of loan
• Interest rates, fees, and loan limits depend upon borrow/cosigner credit history, loan options, and repayment schedule. Having a cosigner may reduce interest rate and loan fees
• Students do not need to submit a FAFSA if they are not applying for other aid.
• The federal Truth in Lending Act requires students to submit a Private Education Loan Self-Certification Form to their lender.
Under provisions of the Truth in Lending Act, lenders who provide private education loans (including long-term U-loans and Health Professions Loans) must:
- Provide three separate loan disclosures to borrowers: one at the point of application, one when the loan is approved and one before the loan is disbursed.
- Must have a waiting period of three to seven business days between the time the borrower receives the final loan disclosure and the time the loan is disbursed.
- Receive a signed self-certification form from the student before disbursing the loan.
Your lender should provide you with information about these requirements, but if you have questions, feel free to contact our office.
(return to top of page)
You must submit a completed Private Education Loan Applicant Self-Certification form to your lender. Your loan will not be disbursed until your lender receives it.
Your lender should provide you with a copy of the required Private Education Loan Applicant Self-Certification Form. Complete and return it to your lender as soon as possible. If you do not receive the form from your lender, you may download it from our Forms page. Contact your lender for your application ID or other identifier that will help to match the form with your application. This form is required by provisions in the federal Truth in Lending Act.
To complete the form, you will need to know your Cost of Attendance and your total financial aid offer. If you receive financial aid, this information can be found on your Award Notice in Wolverine Access. (For more about viewing your Award Notice, see the Award Notification page.)
Cost of Attendance can be found at the top of your Award Notice and your total financial aid offer in the sections at the bottom (To get the total figure, you must tally the aid awarded in each section including Gift Aid, Work-Study, Loans and Other).
If you are not receiving financial aid, find your cost of attendance using figures on the Cost of Attendance page.
If you are considering borrowing through a private lender, we encourage you to first:
- Exhaust all other possible sources of financial aid first, including federal loans.
- Reduce your expenses and borrow only what you need.
- Ask questions and compare rates and terms offered by different lenders.
If you pursue a private loan, apply directly through the selected lender. You are free to choose any lender you wish and the university will certify any application. The following list represents lenders who provided 10 or more loans to University of Michigan students according to a recent analysis of loans for the 2013-2014 year. This list is reviewed periodically and can be changed at any time. The University does not have relationships or agreements with any of the lenders listed here.
*Citizens Bank, Discover Student Loans and Wells Fargo do not require international students to have a Social Security number prior to applying for a private education loan
The university adheres to a Code of Conduct for Student Loans that prohibits inducements or incentives by private lenders. To compare the terms of loans you are considering (and to compare private loans with federal PLUS Loans) see the College Board's Loan Comparison Calculator.
A Caution to Private Loan Borrowers
U-M students should avoid lenders that do not require U-M certification of their loan application and, in general, should be suspicious of unsolicited loan offers. The Michigan Student Financial Aid Association cautions students that "loan debt can accumulate quickly and result in a lifetime burden of high payments and credit denials for automobile purchases, credit cards, and home mortgages. Private loans also can reduce eligibility for more desirable federal, state and college aid programs. To avoid these problems, read and understand the terms and conditions of all loans."
Typical loan payments are shown in the example below:
Notes: Undergraduate students: This APR example is based on borrowing a $6,000 undergraduate loan with a 38-month deferral period followed by a 240-month repayment period. The Prime Rate is assumed to be constant at 8.25%. Graduate students: This APR example is based on borrowing an $8,000 graduate loan with a 27-month deferral period followed by a 240-month repayment period. The Prime Rate is assumed to be constant at 8.25%. Interest rates indexed to the Prime Rate as published in The Wall Street Journal will vary. As of Feb. 16, 2015, the published Prime Rate was 3.25%. The APR will increase if the Prime Rate increases and would result in a higher monthly payments, an increase in the number of scheduled payments, or both.
(return to top of page)